Acute cholecystitis is a common condition that affects many people worldwide. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the gallbladder and can cause mild to severe pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. Ultrasound diagnosis of acute cholecystitis has become increasingly popular over the years due to its non-invasive nature and accuracy. This article aims to provide a comprehensive report on ultrasound diagnosis of acute cholecystitis.
List of Topics:
1. What is acute cholecystitis?
2. Causes of acute cholecystitis
3. Symptoms of acute cholecystitis
4. The role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis
5. How to prepare for an ultrasound scan for acute cholecystitis
6. What happens during an ultrasound scan for acute cholecystitis?
7. How accurate is ultrasound in diagnosing acute cholecystitis?
8. Treatment options for acute cholecystitis.
What is Acute Cholecystitis?
Acute cholecystitis refers to inflammation and infection of the gallbladder, which leads to pain and discomfort in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen.
The most common cause of acute cholecystitis is gallstones, which block the bile ducts leading from the liver into the small intestine, causing inflammation and infection.
The symptoms commonly associated with this disease are abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and an overall feeling of fatigue.
Ultrasound plays a vital role in diagnosing acute cholecystitis due to its non-invasive nature and high accuracy rate compared to other diagnostic methods like CT scans or MRIs.
Preparation for Ultrasound Scan
To prepare for an ultrasound scan, patients are usually asked not to eat or drink anything six hours before their appointment time.
During Ultrasound Scan
During the procedure, patients lie on their backs while a technician applies a gel to their abdomen. They then use a transducer, which emits high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the gallbladder, liver, and surrounding organs.
Ultrasound has an accuracy rate of about 90% in diagnosing acute cholecystitis and can identify the presence of gallstones or thickened walls of the gallbladder.
In most cases, treatment for acute cholecystitis involves surgery to remove the affected gallbladder.
Ultrasound diagnosis of acute cholecystitis is highly effective due to its non-invasive nature and accuracy. Patients are advised to prepare for scans by not eating or drinking anything six hours before their appointment time. During scans, high-frequency sound waves are used to produce images of the gallbladder, liver, and surrounding organs. The accuracy rate for ultrasound diagnosis is around 90%, and treatment usually involves surgery to remove the infected gallbladder.